Congestive heart failure is a condition in which your heart can’t pump enough oxygen-rich blood to meet your body’s needs. The primary causes are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, or diabetes. This illness is likely to be accompanied by other disease afflictions, i.e., comorbidities. It is a chronic disease and will require continued management from you and your physician. This type of heart failure leads to a buildup of fluid in the body. This is a reversible condition if you correct the underlying problems such as those lifestyle choices that damage the heart. This condition may threaten your ability to continue your usual lifestyle habits. Your life will be changed not only in physical ways but also in emotional ways. Congestive heart failure cannot be cured, but many patients can live a comfortable life with proper medical management.
This illness is the most frequent diagnosis among hospital patients aged 65 and older and can occur at any time. The specific treatment for congestive heart failure depends on the underlying heart disease and how severe the heart failure is. Even with treatment, it remains a serious disease. The most common causes are diseases of the coronary arteries, hypertension, rheumatic heart disease, and valvular dysfunction. The list of diseases that can damage your heart includes coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes all of which are common causes of heart failure. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for hardening of the arteries, heart attack, congestive heart failure and stroke. Uncontrolled high blood pressure or hypertension doubles your risk of developing heart failure.
Congestive heart failure is a life-threatening disease that occurs when your heart becomes too weak to pump adequate amounts of oxygen rich blood throughout the body. With right-sided failure, the heart can’t effectively pump blood to the lungs where the blood picks up oxygen. Severe COPD can cause heart failure in the heart’s right ventricle, a condition called right-sided heart failure or “cor pulmonale”. Later, as right-sided heart failure develops, fluid builds up in the legs, feet, and abdomen. Too much salt also causes the body to build up fluid. Sodium makes the body retain fluid and makes the heart work harder, making breathing more difficult.